How to write a two part essay question..with examples…

In this post and the video tutorial, I talk about how to write a two part essay question. Some students were a little uncertain about how to write this kind of question, as they were unfamiliar with it, but as you will see from the video it is relatively straightforward.

The structure is below…

Two part question essay structure

Introduction

Sentence 1: paraphrase/restate question

Sentence 2: answer both questions (in brief)

Main body paragraph 1

Sentence 1: answer first question

Sentence 2: Explain/expand

Sentence 3: Develop/extend explanation

Sentence 4: give example that supports your answer

Main body paragraph 2

Sentence 1: answer second question

Sentence 2: Explain/expand

Sentence 3: Develop/extend explanation

Sentence 4: give example that supports your answer

Conclusion

Sentence 1: give summary of main ideas


And here is essay 1 in the video..

Essay example 1…

Question:
IT IS IMPORTANT FOR CHILDREN TO LEARN THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN RIGHT AND WRONG AT AN EARLY AGE. PUNISHMENT IS NECESSARY TO HELP THEM LEARN THIS DISTINCTION.

TO WHAT EXTENT DO YOU AGREE/DISAGREE? WHAT SORT OF PUNISHMENT SHOULD PARENTS AND TEACHERS BE ALLOWED TO USE TO TEACH GOOD BEHAVIOR TO CHILDREN?


Some people argue that children must be taught to glean the difference between right and wrong while they are young. They even believe in the necessity of punishment to aid in teaching good versus bad. This essay aims to agree on this notion, yet disagree on the necessity of punishments.

It has been proven that children learn fastest at an early age. In my opinion, right and wrong, which is a cornerstone for good morals and right conduct, is as necessary to be taught to our future generation as numbers and colors. Values such as caring and sharing must be instilled to children as early as feasible to guide them with their decision making as they mature. For me, turning a blind eye when small children exhibits traits of selfishness is the same as encouraging them to be selfish.

On the other hand, letting children learn such values at their own pace might create a more solid example for the negative effects of a wrong decision for a child. An example could be a playmate crying when a toy is taken from him. Experiencing this could empower the child’s understanding of the effects of his actions. Despite this, I still believe that it is better to guide a child to learn right and wrong rather than letting them learn it by themselves.

On the matter of punishments, it is my belief that although it may achieve its desired effect, it must be avoided. Avoiding wrong doing as an effect of punishment is an ineffective way of instilling moral values as it creates fear in a child rather than good conduct. Instead of punishment, I believe that giving positive reinforcement when a child does something right and a gentle explanation with a wrong doing will help the child to lean more towards wanting to do good.

In conclusion, I agree that children must be taught to distinguish right and wrong while they are young as this would be the building blocks of the values they will possess until the future. Punishments, however, are unnecessary as this will create fear as their moral ground rather than the desire to do good.


Essay example 2…

It has been argued that some form of punishment is a necessary part of teaching children how to decide between right and wrong. I agree with the idea that children be punished in some way if necessary and will argue that the form of punishment itself need not be violent or harmful but rather it could be a simple withdrawal of privilege.

If children are to grow into adults with a strong moral sense, then teaching them “right” and “wrong” at an early age would seem to be sensible. However, simply telling a child that this or that is “right or “wrong” is essentially meaningless as a child has no conception of what this means. Therefore, some demonstration or example of punishment by the parents when a child misbehaves would seem sensible. For example, causing a child some physical or mental discomfort when they commit a “bad” act will associate the action and consequence in a child’s mind and will make them think again in the future.

However, not all punishment need be harmful or painful to a child as this may well be cruel. For example, denying a child his/her favourite toy, or turning off the television, or not giving them their favourite meal, may be equally effective as a physical blow. The effect of such “negative reinforcement” may be more efficient at changing a child’s behaviour as physical punishment could well lead to resentment and psychological problems in the future.

In conclusion, I agree that if necessary, some form of punishment may be used to teach children moral values. However, not every act of chastisement need be a physical or painful one, taking something away from a child may have the same effect and may be less psychologically damaging in the long term.


And the other example you see in the video, to give you a better idea of how the structure might work…

World travel was revolutionised in the 20th Century to the extent that the world has become a global village. What factors will influence travel this century? Will travel continue to grow or will it become less popular?

The revolution of travel in the 20th Century has shrunk the world into a so-called “Global village”. This essay will argue that global instability will change some of the popular destinations for travellers, and that despite this, the rise in middle classes in certain countries means that international travel will increase in other areas.

It can well be argued that factors such as terrorism and regional instability will have the effect of deterring many tourists from once popular destinations. Islamic bomb attacks and shooting down of aeroplanes in Egypt to give one example, have had a severe impact on tourist numbers. It is estimated by the Egyptian Board of Trade that bookings for the once popular seaside resort of Sharm-Al-Sheikh have dropped by fifty per cent in the last year and is set to fall further. This pattern has been seen in other countries where similar incidents have occurred and has seen a shift in tourist destinations.

However, if tourist numbers have fallen in some parts of the world, it can be argued that the general trend in traveller figures is on the rise. One reason for this is the increasing amount of people in “developing” countries who are becoming wealthier and who want to experience foreign travel as their Western counterparts have done. For example, according to Bloomberg.com the number of Chinese tourists to Europe has increased by an average of 60 per cent over the last five years and is forecast to keep increasing in the future.

In conclusion, although fears of terrorism may see a decrease of travel to less stable parts of the world, this fall will be more than offset by tourists from countries such as China who are eager to see the world albeit a safer part of it.

295 words

So, there you have it….if you have any questions or requests for another tutorial, then you can write to me at kevin@prepareielts.com

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