How to write problem/solution essays..with examples!….

 

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Hello, welcome to my latest tutorial/video. I haven’t made a problems/solutions vid before, just a causes and solutions, which has an identical structure so I thought it was time to remedy this. I am trying out some new video formats, this one is split screen, don’t know if I like it yet, we will see. The last few vids I have made an intro part of me talking to camera instead of just a screenshot, this one has that also a split screen format as you will notice. Anyway, in this video we have the usual format, the structure, then two examples. I reproduce them below and the video is at the bottom of the page. As always, any questions, send me a mail to kevin@prepareielts.com…enjoy!….:p

Structure…

Problems/causes and Solutions Essay Structure

Introduction

Sentence 1: paraphrase question.

Sentence 2: outline sentence (what you will say in essay/main idea 1 + 2)

Paragraph 2: Problem

Sentence 1: state problem/s/causes

Sentence 2: explain what problem/cause is (explain/expand)

Sentence 3: What is the result or consequence of this problem

Sentence 4: example

Paragraph 3: solution

Sentence 1: state solution/s

Sentence 2: explain/expand upon how solution will solve problem

Sentence 3: examples

Conclusion

Sentence 1: summary of main points/main ideas 1+2

Sentence 2: prediction or recommendation


Example 1…

Paying with a credit card is a common habit nowadays. Credit cards make it easy to buy now and pay later.

What are some problems caused by credit card overuse and what can be done about these problems?

Many people make purchases with credit cards nowadays as it is easy to buy now and pay later for goods or services. The main problem with this is that it can lead to high levels of personal debt, however a possible solution might be for banks to make rigorous checks on customer finances before issuing these cards.

Having easy and ready access to credit can lead to a person being in debt. Many banks do not check personal finances before issuing credit cards and some people have several cards from different banks. This ready money can lead to some people spending irresponsibly as they often pay off one card by taking out another from a different bank, thus adding to their debt. For example, a survey by The Bank of England in 2015 showed that out of 10,000 bank customers, over 75% admitted to having two or more credit cards and having personal debts of several thousand pounds.

To solve this problem, banks should have a joint database of all customers to show who has applied for a card and they should also set a strict limit on the amount of credit for each person. This sharing of information will stop people having multiple cards which they cannot afford. For example, in some countries (China, Russia, and Turkey) strict checks are made on citizens finances with a minimum amount of money needed in an account before a card could be issued and only card per citizen is authorised.

In conclusion, although easy credit is blamed for rising debt levels, this is a relatively easy problem to solve if stricter banking regulations were enforced.

If all banks shared customer data and agreed to cooperate with each other when issuing credit cards, this might be a suitable solution to this problem.

299 words

 


Example 2…

More and more people are reading electronically these days

What problems might this cause?

How might these problems be resolved?

As technology develops, more people are choosing to read e-books and online news than traditional paper versions. The main problem of this trend is that it will inevitably put people out of work, while a possible solution might be to retrain sections of the work force into e-publishing.

Although reading via smart phone, laptop and tablet might be very good news for the environment, it is not so good for the print workers. That is to say, the many thousands of people who work in printing paper books and newspapers are surplus to requirements in this modern age of e-reading. As a consequence, they will lose their jobs. A recent survey by the NUPW (national union of print workers) in 2015 showed that an estimated 60% of print jobs were expected to go over the next five years, based on current trends.

As it is impossible to put technology “back in the bottle” as it were, one solution to offset these job losses and the harm they would cause the economy, would be to retrain print workers in the e-publishing field. There are many possibilities for retraining, such as graphic design, proofreading, coding, etc, all of which would keep people in employment in the same general area. For example, the publishing house Cambridge University Press recently announced it planned to create 500 new jobs via retraining at it’s Cambridge office for electronic printing. Although only one example, it shows the potential for jobs if every traditional publishing house followed suit.

In conclusion, as e-reading is set to continue into the foreseeable future, this could well cause redundancies in the printing industry unless some retraining of print workers begins. If responsible employers have the foresight to initiate retraining in the workplace this situation might be resolved.

295 words


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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